Screening for Plagiarism

The manuscript that submitted into this journal will be screened for plagiarism using the Turnitin plagiarism checker to evaluate the similarity of the submitted manuscript's content to others. Editors will follow up on the results to decide possible cases of plagiarism, and a similarity report will be provided to the authors. The following are some of the actions taken by the Editorial Board, as follow:

1. Similarity index above 40%: in this case, the article was rejected due to bad paraphrasing or quotation, leading to outright rejection.

2. Similarity index within 10-40%: in this case, the publication is sent to the author for correction and revision. Authors need to provide the correct citation for similar places and the correct paraphrase for the quote.

3. Similarity index less than 20%: corrections or citations may be required, and all outsourced text must be appropriately cited.